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WEEE Targets
WB&A Targets
2016 Target: 45%
of WEEE avg.
Pom 2013-15
45
%
2019 Target: 65%
of WEEE avg.
Pom 2016-18
65
%
2019: 85%
of the total weight
of collected WEEE
85
%
2016 Target: 45%
of batteries
Pom until 31 December 2015
45
%

European Recycling Milestones
  • 1988

    The EU Commission drafted the first directive aiming to minimise the environmental impact of WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment), promote recycling and reduce resource consumption.

  • 1994

    The Eu Commission presented a new proposal for a Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive that would help harmonize national measures. The directive improved on the previous legislation that was first enacted in the early 1980s and then reviewed to clarify the definition of “Packaging” and increase recovery and goals. In 2005, new Member States were given transitional periods to catch up with the existing recovery and recycling targets. On November 4 2013, the Commission adopted a new proposal to reduce the use of plastic bags. 

  • 2003

    The EU WEEE Directive, which was adopted on 27 January 2003, established a series of important concepts: “Producer Responsibility Principle”, calling for the financing of waste management (Polluter Pays Principle) and the creation of incentives for eco-design; harmonization of national measures,  establishing common minimum standards for WEEE management; preservation of resources (materials and energy) – promoting best practices; diversion of WEEE from landfills and incinerators – towards environmentally sound re-use and other forms of recovery.

  • 2006

    The EU Battery Directive came into effect in September 2006. It prohibits the distribution of batteries with high mercury and cadmium contents and calls for the collection and recycling of batteries, accumulators and related waste to minimize their negative impact on the environment.

     

Recycling in Europe

In order to promote recycling and a safer, greener environment, the European Union has begun not only phasing out the production and use of harmful substances, but actively driving member states to recycle and re-use the precious (and often hazardous) materials that are used in so many of our industrial and household items. The EU has set legal and economic incentives, including: landfill bans, bans on the incineration of recyclable waste, the collection of biological waste and taxation on toxic and non-sustainable waste. To ensure a safer and healthier environment, the EU has adopted clear and ambitious waste reduction, reuse and recycling targets. The EU producer responsibility legislation places an obligation on producers of EEE, batteries and packaging to pay for collection and treatment of products when they become waste.

 

Why a WEEE Directive?

  • The waste produced by electrical and electronic equipment is the fastest growing category of waste: 2.5-2.7% growth/year in the EU-27.
  • Prior to the WEEE Directive, 90% of WEEE was landfilled, incinerated or recovered without pre-treatment.
  • This type of waste is full of substances and materials that can be used again and that is hazardous for the environment if not treated correctly. 
  • Illegal exports of WEEE to developing countries pose a significant negative environmental impact.

 

And in Portugal?

In Portugal, the WEEE Directive was transposed to the national legislative board through Decree Law nº 67/2014, May 7th.

Decree Law nº 67/2014 has as its main goal the WEEE prevention, reduction and recycling or others forms of recovering these wastes in order to reduce its quantity and enhance the environmental behavior of all intervenients in electric and electronic equipment´s (EEE) life cycle: producers, distributors, end users and wastes´ operators.

The goals established in this document are more ambitious than the previous ones (4kg/ inhabitant), achieved in our country.

As such, we have the following goals: Until December 31st 2015: at least 4 kilograms per inhabitant/ year of WEEE coming from end users or the average quantity of WEEE collected in the three previous years, depending on which amount is the highest. 

  • Until December 31st 2015: at least 4 kilograms per inhabitant/ year of WEEE coming from end users or the average quantity of WEEE collected in the three previous years, depending on which amount is the highest.
  • From 2016 onwards: 45% of the average weight of EEE put in the market in the three previous years, considering the total weight of WEEE collected, coming from end users and non-end-users.
  • From 2019 onwards: 65% of the average weight of EEE put in the market in the three previous years or, in alternative, 85% of the WEEE generated in Portugal, considering the total weight of WEEE collected coming from end users and non-end-users.

The effort of the entire society is crucial to ensure the accomplishment of these goals. 

 

Why a Battery Directive?

  • The waste produced by batteries is constantly increasing and is driven by the growing demand for miniaturised battery components.
  • Promote a less-polluted environment by minimising the harmful substances in batteries.
  • Batteries that do not comply with the hazardous content limits are prohibited on the European market.
  • Promote research and provide economic incentives to improve battery environmental performance over whole life cycle.
  • Revenues from recycling are generally sufficient to cover all of the collection and re-processing costs involved in the sector.

 

 And in Portugal?

In Portugal the B&A Directive was transposed to the national legislative board through Decree Law nº6/2009, January 6th and Decree Law nº 173/2015, August 25th.

The Producers shall adopt the necessary measures to, at the very least, guarantee the following portable B&A collection rates:

  • 25%, until December 31st 2012;
  • 45%, until December 31st 2015.

 

The effort of the entire society is crucial to ensure the accomplishment of these goals. 

Further information